Inheritance, groups, and users roles
Using Roles in Pydio
A role contains the following informations :
- Access Control List (ACL) : a list of rights giving or denying an access to each workspace defined in the application. Internally, the right string can be « r » (read), « w » (write ), a combination of these two, or « AJXP_VALUE_CLEAR » as deny (to force clearing a previously set value in another role).
- Parameters Refinement (Parameters) : a tree of plugins parameters values that can be applied to all workspace or only to a given set of workspace.
- Actions Disabled (Actions) : a tree of disabled plugins actions, that can be as well disabled for all workspace or only a precise list. Parameters and Actions can in some case be applicable only for a given list of workspace.
You can see the various categories to the corresponding tabs of the edition interface in the Settings workspace (see screenshot below).
[:image-popup:inheritance_groups_and_users_roles/14-GROUPS-USERS-ROLES.png] Figure 1 Role Edition Interface
The power of the « Role » object is that it is a shared concept that is « additive »: a sequence of n roles can be « added » to create a new role, each role n in turn overriding the various parameters of the role n-1. That way, one can define for example a given plugin parameter value for in role1, then refine this value in Role2, and if a user has these two roles in this order, the latest value will be taken into account.
Groups and users « runtime » role
Practically, one will probably not want to define X roles and apply them one by one to the users. But the other power of this object is that it is shared by Groups and Users as well. Which means a user automatically will provide its own role (internally name AJXP_USER_/userlogin), and if he belongs to a group, this group will also provide a specific group (named AJXP_GRP_/groupPath/groupName).
You can see that editing a user or a group, you’ll find the same tabs ACL, Actions and Parameters that you would find in the role edition. They correspond to the specific roles created for each object ( a group or a user).
Once configured, the various roles that are applicable to a user will be « added » in the following order : first the groups roles (if a user belongs to a subgroup, then the parent group role is applied, then the subgroup role), then the administrator-defined roles, then the proper user role. This is summarized in the figure below :
For example, a user U1 from group G1, to whom one have applied a specific role R, will then have a « merged » role that result in the addition of the following :
AJXP_GRP_/G1 + R + AJXP_USR_/U1 = user runtime role.
This « refinement » processus is very flexible, and allows you to configure the accesses, parameters and actions of each plugin, for each workspace, at a very fine level. Generally, the « Groups » is a right place to preconfigure a couple of parameters, but sometime you’ll want to disable some specific action for a given user, in which case you’ll edit directly the user role.
Another interesting feature of the roles one creates manually in the application is that they can automatically be applied to a given profile of users. There are currently four profiles of users : Standard, Administrator, Shared and Guest.
The « shared » profile is automatically applied to « external » users created by the internal users. If you want that these user have a specific role, you can create a role and set it to be automatically applied to all shared users.Back to top